Trekking Equipment

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Although some of the trekking, clothing, footwear and camping equipment are available on hire, it is always advisable to bring as much of your own right fitting equipment because you may at times miss some items that fit you perfectly. Personal and miscellaneous items must be brought along by the clients as it is difficult to get most items around the mountain region. The following should be put into account:

Footwear: Make sure that your boots and socks are the right size to ensure comfortable hiking and reduce chances of injuries during the hike. Lower altitude treks require training shoes with good support. High altitude requires medium-weight boots - leather or synthetic to counteract chances of frostbite. A pair of training shoes my be handy for changing in the Camp. Woolen or synthetic socks are recommended in high mountain. More than one pair of socks help in the harsh conditions and offer cushion to the feet. Several pairs are essential for changing into.

Clothing: Several thin layers of clothing are appropriate than few thick layers. All materials can be used, but should offer wicking and breath ability to wick moisture away and keep you dry and warm.

Jackets: The outside layer of clothing; anorak, parkas, cogonales, coats etc, recommended for extra layer of warmth for dawn summit attempt. The types could be; "body warmers" or "Duvet jackets" which are light, water proof and fairly small to carry.  The middle-layer between jacket and underwear. Cotton sweatshirts are not suitable, they get wet when you perspire and take long to dry. Fleece sweatshirts are suitable and right type.

Trousers: Light-weight, breeze proof types are recommended for hiking. On high altitude, padded trousers keep the body warm. On harsh conditions, extra clothing under trekking trouser helps to warm the body. In warm conditions shorts are ideal.
Underwear: Insulating and wicking fabric(thermal) that keeps the moisture away from the skin are ideal. In warm conditions, cotton T-shirts and undies are appropriate. T- shirts and undershorts are good for hiking, while long sleeved vests and long john’s are suitable for cold evenings.

Hats and gloves: High altitude areas have unpredictable hot and cold weathers. A sun hat that covers the back of the neck is essential but a scarf can do. On cold day, balaclavas that rolled up are ideal for retention of heat, especially synthetic materials. Gloves should have a layer system (Thermal gloves) to cope with strong winds and rain.

Rucksack: For carrying essential personal items. The size should be big with side bags for keeping extra luggage. Light weight and waterproof is ideal and convertible travel ones are convenient for combining trek with general travelling. If travelling with porters, a separate back bag is required for carrying essential gears.

Sleeping bag: Good layering and flexibility is required in any sleeping bag to cope with range of conditions. The commonly used ones are; down bags, lighter, smaller when compacted and durable; synthetic bags, cheaper and warm even when wet. In any high altitude, a ‘four season’ bag is desirable.

Water bottle: These could be flexible water bag holding large volume for extra water on long or hot day. Carrying of water is recommended for replenishing the lost water through perspiration to avoid dehydration.

Water purification: One fitted with water filter and/or a supply of purification tablets/solution for sterilizing drinking water.

Torch/Flashlight: Head-mounted torch is appropriate than hand held type for this leaves the hands free to do other things. Spare batteries and bulbs are recommended as they are affected by cold conditions.

Personal equipment: Sunglasses and snow goggles: These cut the intense glare on high mountains. The snow goggles with side flaps are useful for summit attempt from lower slopes of glaciers.